When doing interior designing and decoration in the walls, steel reinforcement rods may be present near the surface of concrete blocks. If you encounter one of these, there is no alternative other than to re-site the fixing or screw a wide batten to the wall and fix into that. Fixing holes must be at least 3.8 cm deep in order to penetrate through the plaster and at least 2.5 cm into the solid part of the wall. For a heavy-duty fixing, such as a bracket for a bookshelf, it will be necessary to have 5 cm of the screw thread in the solid part of the wall.
Plugs are made from wood, fiber, or plastic. Plastic is the most common material and is generally satisfactory in brick, stone, and concrete. Many manufacturers make one- size plugs for any screw size between No.6 and No. 12, which means that all the holes for these can be drilled with a single bit – a No.1 2 or No. 14. If the plug is shorter than the hole, turn the screw once or twice into it then tap the screw lightly into the wall before using the screwdriver. Expanding bolts For very heavy loads, such as those taken by pivoting support brackets, expanding bolts are your best choice.
These have a soft iron plug around the stem, which expands to make a tight fit as the bolt is tightened in the hole.
For hollow walls, those made of plasterboard or wallboard, there are two main types of fixings for heavy loads – gravity toggle fasteners and spring toggle fasteners in interior designing and decoration. Both fasteners consist of a bolt with a specialized nut that folds down the shank as it is inserted through the object to be hung and the board. Once released, however, the nut opens out and grips onto the blind side of the board as the screw is tightened. These fixings are strong and spread the load over a wide area.
Large toggle fasteners can even support the weight of central heating radiators. These fixings are permanent, however, and once used they cannot be reclaimed. Screw anchors Lighter fixings into hollow walls can be made with any of several types of plastic screw anchor. As the screw is tightened, the anchor opens and grips the blind side of the panel. Some screw anchors open like umbrellas, but work on much the same principle.
Interior designing and decoration is not complete without wall decoration, since the wall plays a major role in the appearance of the room or the hall. For more information on the wall designing and decoration continue the reading on other posts published here. Visit http://www.interiorgame.info to get complete tips and guidance to make your interior designing and decoration a world class one.
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